Into The Wood: A Prospective Building Material

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Into the wood as a construction material. Therefore it is the oldest natural resource used by man. Moreover, it provides us with fuel, tools, and protection. It is a natural polymer of organic origin. It is from inside the tree trunk.

The wood used in construction is pine. Moreover, it is the most abundant. Therefore although numerous pine species form, they all have similar characteristics. They require additives to resist the attack of microorganisms and insects. After that, the most common trees into the wood are pine, fir, poplar, cedar, cypress.

Advantages Of Constructions Into The Wood

  • It is easily obtained.
  • Less expensive than stone or metals.
  • Carving takes place easily, except the hard ones.
  • It has great resistance to compression, traction, and shear.
  • A bad conductor of heat and electricity.

Disadvantages Of Constructions Into The Wood

  • It is combustible.
  • The hygrometric changes make it change in volume and resistance. Therefore as an organic material breaking can occur and destruction can take place by living organisms. Moreover, although these defects can currently be eliminated with specific treatments.
  • Lack of homogeneity and isotropy.
  • It is very important to know the advantages and disadvantages of wood since the study and knowledge of them result in better use. The use of their true potential as a construction material and important renewable resource.

Use In Construction

It varies since it is used as a material for structures, carpentry, and molds.

WOODEN FORMWORK

  • Pinewood use takes place, although other woods that meet the conditions of resistance and economy for this kind of work can be used.

FORMWORK PARTS

  • Entablados: (part of the formwork in contact with the concrete) in slabs, walls, lateral faces of beams and columns.
  • Bracing: the same sections as for boarding but without brushing.
  • Joists, column frames, ribs of beams or architraves and parables of low-rise walls.
  • Beams, ribs of walls and struts.
  • Wedges

Properties Into The Wood

The properties of wood are very variable, they depend on their intrinsic (species), environmental and other factors, such as moisture content and permanence of the loads. Therefore it is also a non-homogeneous material, anisotropic, and fuel. Volume variations due to humidity changes are an important factor.

Into The Woods As A Building Material
Into The Woods As A Building Material

Moreover, the term wood includes natural wood in logs or squares and what we call industrialized, such as plywood (plywood), gluing (glued-laminated timber) and chips or fibers joined by an adherent and compressed.

Classification

After that wood used in construction falls into different groups: soft, very soft, semi-hard, hard and very hard. This classification does not meet its hardness in the true sense of the word. Since many of the woods that are in the softwood group are harder than others that come in the latter group. The hardness is a function of its specific weight.

Into The Woods As A Building Material
Into The Woods As A Building Material

Therefore the hardness of the wood is the resistance that opposes the penetration of other bodies, such as nails, screws, scratch, and wear, etc. Moreover, it is both a physical and mechanical characteristic and has great importance in the wood technique.